Kolkata- From Marshes To A Metropolis

Kolkata- From Marshes To A Metropolis

It was Job Charnock who helped Calcutta to be the formal selection for building it up as the East India Company’s principal trading centre in Bengal. Therefore the 24th of August, 1690 is known as the foundation day of Kolkata with Job Charnock being its founder. Kalikata, Sutanuti and Gobindpur were the three villages that gave birth to the city of Kolkata. But very few of us know that Hatkhola in North Kolkata was the nucleus from which the City Of Joy started to grow.

Sutanuti, Gobindpur And Kalikata

SUTANUTI, GOBINDPUR AND KALIKATA

Present Day Kolkata

Known also as the ‘Cultural capital Of India’, the city has witnessed major changes from the time it was found until today. The following pictures will give a clear idea as to the former and present look of some of the city’s famous sites :

PRESENT DAY KOLKATA

Howrah Bridge

The bridge spans over the Hooghly river of West Bengal and is also known as the New Howrah Bridge as it has replaced a pontoon bridge that was built in the same location. This bridge acts as a link between the cities of Kolkata and Howrah.

HOWRAH BRIDGE

Chowringee Lane

The area now occupied by Esplanade and Maidan was a small hamlet and a tiger infested region. With time, it has emerged as a business district and a shopping destination and entertainment hub of present Kolkata.

CHOWRINGEE LANE

Victoria Memorial

This marble building in Kolkata was built in memory of Queen Victoria under the suggestion of George Curzon. It is a grand building with museums and a garden that attracts a lot of tourists every year.



VICTORIA MEMORIAL

Fort William

A fort built in Kolkata during the early years of Bengal Presidency of British India. The fort is named after King William III of England and Ireland which was originally built in 1696 by the British East India Company.

Fort William In 1735

Fort William In 1735

Present day Fort William

Present day Fort William

St.paul’s Cathedral

This is an Anglican cathedral of the Victorian age, was also the first cathedral that was built in the overseas territory of the British Empire.

ST.PAUL’S CATHEDRAL

Calcutta High Court

This is the oldest high court of India, built on 1st July 1862, which was presided by the Supreme Court of Judicature in Fort William.

CALCUTTA HIGH COURT

Dalhousie Square

Presently known as B.B.D. Bagh , was the centre of trading post of the British East India Company. It is also now the seat of power of the state government.

Dalhousie Square

Princep Ghat

Built in memory of the eminent Anglo Indian scholar James Princep was designed by W.Fitzgerald and constructed in 1843.

PRINCEP GHAT

Sealdah Station

This station started in 1869 and is now one of the major railway stations of India having train routes to different parts of the country.

SEALDAH STATION

Calcutta University

Established on 24th January,1857 this was the first institution in Asia to be built as a multi-disciplinary and Western style university.

CALCUTTA UNIVERSITY

Kolkata Port

This is the oldest operating port of India constructed by the British East India Company. It was the premier port of the Britishers but lost importance after the partition of Bengal.

KOLKATA PORT

Writer’s Building

This originally served as the office of the writers of the British east India Company and is now the secretariat building of the State Government Of West Bengal.

WRITER’S BUILDING

Trams

The Calcutta Tramways Company, founded in 1880, runs trams and buses in Kolkata. It has trams running since1902 and currently the only tramway in India.

TRAMS

Horse Drawn Bus

This was first introduced in old Calcutta in the year 1830

HORSE DRAWN BUS

Kalighat

The famous Kalighat Kali temple is situated here where the right toe of Dakshayani is said to have fallen.

KALIGHAT

Dakhineswar Temple

Built by Rani Rashmoni , a devotee of Kali, this temple is the abode of goddess Kali and famous for its association with Shri Ramkrishna, a Hindu reformer.

DAKHINESWAR TEMPLE

Eden Garden

Established in 1864, this famous international cricket ground gets its name from the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the Governor General Of India..

Eden Garden